The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization and mass protest in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.
Dubcek’s effort to establish “communism with a human face” was celebrated across the country, and the brief period of freedom became known as the Prague Spring . But on August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union answered Dubcek’s reforms with invasion of Czechoslovakia by 600,000 Warsaw Pact troops.
The Prague Spring ended with a Soviet invasion, the removal of Alexander Dubček as party leader and an end to reform within Czechoslovakia. The first signs that all was not well in Czechoslovakia occurred in May 1966 when there were complaints that the Soviet Union was exploiting the people.
Prague Spring, brief period of liberalization in Czechoslovakia under Alexander Dubček in 1968.
What caused the Prague Spring ? The hard-line communist leader, Antonin Novotny, was unpopular. His rule was characterised by censorship of the press and a lack of personal freedom for ordinary citizens. The Czech economy was weak and many Czechs were bitter that the USSR controlled their economy for its own benefit.
The USSR was very suspicious of the changes taking place in Czechoslovakia. It feared that the developments would spread to other member states of the Warsaw Pact too. On the night of the 20th to the 21st of August 1968, Soviet tanks moved into Prague .
Reformist politicians, bureaucrats and academics were removed from positions of influence ; police powers and censorship were reinstalled; centralised economic controls were restored. Husak would remain in power in Czechoslovakia for the duration of the Cold War .
On August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops in an invasion of Czechoslovakia to crack down on reformist trends in Prague. In the 1960s, however, changes in the leadership in Prague led to a series of reforms to soften or humanize the application of communist doctrines within Czech borders.
The American reaction was comparatively mild, chiefly because the USA and its leadership were more focused on the worsening situation with the Vietnam War. The USA believed that if they acted behind the Iron Curtain , the USSR would see support to Czechoslovakia as an ‘act of war’.
He attempted to reform the communist government during the Prague Spring but was forced to resign following the Warsaw Pact invasion in August 1968. Dubček resigned in April 1969 and was succeeded by Gustáv Husák, who initiated normalization. Dubček was then expelled from the Communist Party in 1970.
Gustav Husak , who replaced reform-minded Alexander Dubcek in 1969 and for the next two decades presided over Czechoslovakia’s hard-line Communist regime, died Monday. Husak was 78 and last year underwent several operations for suspected stomach cancer.
Following the coup d’état of February 1948 , when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a socialist republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective. Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.
|Origins of Czechoslovakia||1918|
|Dissolution of Czechoslovakia||1993|
Answer: the answer is Leonid brezhnev . Explanation: he was the Soviet leader during this time.
Two decades later, when the Warsaw Pact forces left Czechoslovakia in 1989, Temple Black was recognized as the first American ambassador to a democratic Czechoslovakia .