While the Germans destroyed synagogues and Jewish graveyards throughout the Sudetenland, they spared Prague the same fate because they planned to set up a Central Jewish Museum there with property they had stolen from Jews who were deposited in overcrowded freight cars and sent to concentration camps.
Hitler—intent on war against Poland—needed to eliminate Czechoslovakia first. He scheduled a German invasion of Bohemia and Moravia for the morning of 15 March. Second Republic (October 1938 to March 1939)
|Origins of Czechoslovakia||1918|
|First Czechoslovak Republic||1918–1938|
On September 30, 1938, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, French Premier Edouard Daladier, and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain signed the Munich Pact, which sealed the fate of Czechoslovakia , virtually handing it over to Germany in the name of peace. That same day, German troops poured into Bohemia and Moravia.
Hitler wanted that heavy industrial power for the German Reich, and so his expansionist plans had had Czechoslovakia as their first target of takeover since at least 1937, when he had first ordered his generals to draw up plans for a possible future military invasion .
The first Allied aircraft to fly over Prague was a single bomber of the French Air Force in April 1940, but it dropped propaganda leaflets, not bombs . The raids were used for anti-American propaganda purposes, both by the Nazis and the subsequent Communist regime in Czechoslovakia.
The city of Vienna in Austria was bombed 52 times during World War II , and 37,000 houses of the city were lost, 20% of the entire city. Only 41 civilian vehicles survived the raids, and more than 3,000 bomb craters were counted.
About 70 million total soldiers fought on behalf of the Allied or Axis countries. Switzerland, Spain, Portugal and Sweden all declared themselves neutral during WWII . Some scholars argue that the “start” of WWII was in 1937 when Japan invaded China instead of when Germany invaded Poland.
Czechoslovakia , Czech and Slovak Československo, former country in central Europe encompassing the historical lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia. Czechoslovakia was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of Austria-Hungary in 1918 , at the end of World War I.
Fascist Italy set up Albania as its protectorate or puppet state. The resistance was largely carried out by Communist groups against the Italian (until 1943) and then German occupation in Albania . World War II in Albania .
|Result||Albanian communist victory Establishment of the Democratic Government of Albania|
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From the Communist coup d’état in February 1948 to the Velvet Revolution in 1989, Czechoslovakia was ruled by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ).
The First Inter-Allied Meeting took place in London in early June 1941 between the United Kingdom, the four co-belligerent British Dominions (Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa), the eight governments in exile (Belgium, Czechoslovakia , Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Yugoslavia) and
Following the coup d’état of February 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a socialist republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective.
Bohemia , Czech Čechy, German Böhmen, historical country of central Europe that was a kingdom in the Holy Roman Empire and subsequently a province in the Habsburgs’ Austrian Empire.
Those who argue that events between 1989 and 1992 led to the dissolution point to international factors such as the breakaway of the Soviet satellite nations, the lack of unified media between the Czech and the Slovak Republics, and most importantly the actions of the political leaders of both nations like the
On August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops in an invasion of Czechoslovakia to crack down on reformist trends in Prague. Although the Soviet Union’s action successfully halted the pace of reform in Czechoslovakia , it had unintended consequences for the unity of the communist bloc.