On August 20, 1968 , the Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops in an invasion of Czechoslovakia to crack down on reformist trends in Prague . Although the Soviet Union’s action successfully halted the pace of reform in Czechoslovakia , it had unintended consequences for the unity of the communist bloc.
Soviets invade Czechoslovakia. On the night of August 20, 1968, approximately 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invade Czechoslovakia to crush the “ Prague Spring”—a brief period of liberalization in the communist country.
The invasion successfully stopped Alexander Dubček’s Prague Spring liberalisation reforms and strengthened the authority of the authoritarian wing within the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ). The foreign policy of the Soviet Union during this era was known as the Brezhnev Doctrine.
Dubcek’s effort to establish “communism with a human face” was celebrated across the country, and the brief period of freedom became known as the Prague Spring .
During the invasion 72 Czechs and Slovaks were killed (19 of those in Slovakia), 266 severely wounded and another 436 slightly injured. Alexander Dubček called upon his people not to resist. Nevertheless, there was scattered resistance in the streets.
The USSR feared liberal ideas would spread to other Eastern European states causing instability and threatening the security of the Soviet Union . They feared growing trade links between Czechoslovakia and West Germany would lead to an increase in Western influence in Eastern Europe.
The Prague Spring ended with a Soviet invasion, the removal of Alexander Dubček as party leader and an end to reform within Czechoslovakia. The first signs that all was not well in Czechoslovakia occurred in May 1966 when there were complaints that the Soviet Union was exploiting the people.
In the interwar period it became the most prosperous and politically stable state in eastern Europe. It was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1938–45 and was under Soviet domination from 1948 to 1989. On January 1, 1993 , Czechoslovakia separated peacefully into two new countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Hungarian Revolution, popular uprising in Hungary in 1956, following a speech by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in which he attacked the period of Joseph Stalin’s rule. On November 4 the Soviet Union invaded Hungary to stop the revolution, and Nagy was executed for treason in 1958.
The Soviet crackdown Worried that Czechoslovakia was slipping from his grasp, the Soviet leader, Brezhnev, declared that the USSR would not allow the countries of Eastern Europe to reject communism ‘even if it meant a third World War’.
Following the coup d’état of February 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a socialist republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From the Communist coup d’état in February 1948 to the Velvet Revolution in 1989, Czechoslovakia was ruled by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ).
What were the main effects of the Prague Spring ? Check all that apply. People enjoyed new freedoms and multi-party elections. Brezhnev sent military troops into Czechoslovakia.
The USSR was very suspicious of the changes taking place in Czechoslovakia. It feared that the developments would spread to other member states of the Warsaw Pact too. On the night of the 20th to the 21st of August 1968, Soviet tanks moved into Prague .
The Prague Spring was a peaceful but unsuccessful attempt to liberalise and reform socialism in Czechoslovakia. Czechoslovakia was liberated and occupied by Soviet troops after World War II. After a communist coup in 1948, it became a one-party socialist state under a Stalinist leader. 3.