Dubcek’s effort to establish “communism with a human face” was celebrated across the country, and the brief period of freedom became known as the Prague Spring . But on August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union answered Dubcek’s reforms with invasion of Czechoslovakia by 600,000 Warsaw Pact troops.
What was the Prague Spring ? A four month period of freedom in Czechoslovakia.
What were the main effects of the Prague Spring ? Check all that apply. People enjoyed new freedoms and multi-party elections. Brezhnev sent military troops into Czechoslovakia.
Prague Spring , brief period of liberalization in Czechoslovakia under Alexander Dubček in 1968. Although Dubček insisted that he could control the country’s transformation, the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact countries viewed the developments as tantamount to counterrevolution.
The Prague Spring ended with a Soviet invasion, the removal of Alexander Dubček as party leader and an end to reform within Czechoslovakia. The first signs that all was not well in Czechoslovakia occurred in May 1966 when there were complaints that the Soviet Union was exploiting the people.
The USSR was very suspicious of the changes taking place in Czechoslovakia. It feared that the developments would spread to other member states of the Warsaw Pact too. On the night of the 20th to the 21st of August 1968, Soviet tanks moved into Prague .
The American reaction was comparatively mild, chiefly because the USA and its leadership were more focused on the worsening situation with the Vietnam War. The USA believed that if they acted behind the Iron Curtain , the USSR would see support to Czechoslovakia as an ‘act of war’.
Reformist politicians, bureaucrats and academics were removed from positions of influence ; police powers and censorship were reinstalled; centralised economic controls were restored. Husak would remain in power in Czechoslovakia for the duration of the Cold War .
The Prague Spring reforms were a strong attempt by Dubček to grant additional rights to the citizens of Czechoslovakia in an act of partial decentralization of the economy and democratization. The freedoms granted included a loosening of restrictions on the media, speech and travel.
What caused the Prague Spring ? The hard-line communist leader, Antonin Novotny, was unpopular. His rule was characterised by censorship of the press and a lack of personal freedom for ordinary citizens. The Czech economy was weak and many Czechs were bitter that the USSR controlled their economy for its own benefit.
On August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops in an invasion of Czechoslovakia to crack down on reformist trends in Prague. In the 1960s, however, changes in the leadership in Prague led to a series of reforms to soften or humanize the application of communist doctrines within Czech borders.