The Defenestration of Prague was the catalyst that activated the worst war in European history, the Thirty Years’ War. The rebels deposed Ferdinand II, set up a provisional assembly and raised an army of 16,000 troops for the nation’s defence.
PRAGUE , DEFENESTRATION OF. PRAGUE , DEFENESTRATION OF. The humorously complex word defenestration simply means throwing someone or something out a window (Latin fenestra, ‘window’), but in Prague this action came to symbolize a national reaction to foreign or illegitimate rule.
Defenestration (from Old French fenestre, inherited from Latin fenestra) is the act of throwing someone or something out of a window. The term was coined around the time of an incident in Prague Castle in the year 1618 which became the spark that started the Thirty Years’ War.
The act of defenestration is, in fact, designed to settle an argument by tossing an opponent out a window and the New York Times author might be forgiven his prejudice given the fact that there are three acknowledged Defenestrations of Prague ( 1419 , 1618 , and 1948).
Thirty Years’ War
|Date||23 May 1618 – 15 May 1648 (29 years, 11 months, 3 weeks, and 1 day)|
|Location||Central Europe and Germany|
|Result||Peace of Westphalia|
|Territorial changes||France annexes Décapole and Upper Alsace Sweden obtains Wolin and Western Pomerania Brandenburg-Prussia obtains Eastern Pomerania|
Peace of Westphalia , European settlements of 1648, which brought to an end the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch and the German phase of the Thirty Years’ War. The peace was negotiated, from 1644, in the Westphalian towns of Münster and Osnabrück. The Spanish-Dutch treaty was signed on January 30, 1648.
The Thirty Years War began as a religious civil war between the Protestants and Roman Catholics in Germany that engaged the Austrian Habsburgs and the German princes. The war soon developed into a devastating struggle for the balance of power in Europe.
1 : a throwing of a person or thing out of a window assassination by defenestration . 2 : a usually swift dismissal or expulsion (as from a political party or office) the defenestration of political leaders the mass defenestration of middle management— Jane Bryant Quinn.
The Four Phases The Thirty Years ‘ War is divided into FOUR PHASES : Bohemian, Danish, Swedish, and French. The Bohemian Phase was purely a local, religious conflict. With each successive phase , the war became more continental in scope, bloodier, and more focused on political power than religion.
(Entry 1 of 2) : a solitary wanderer.
Frederick fled to Holland. Emperor Ferdinand II regained the Bohemian throne, Maximilian of Bavaria acquired the Palatinate. The Bohemian phase of the Thirty Years ‘ War thus ended with a Hapsburg and Catholic victory.
“Adfenestration” denotes throwing someone at/to/toward a window, not into it (imagine the movement stopping at the window’s edge). Since defenestration implies throwing something from inside a window outside it, the antonym would ideally suggest movement from outside the window to the space inside.
After World War I, Bohemia (as the largest and most populous land) became the core of the newly formed country of Czechoslovakia , which combined Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Upper Hungary (present-day Slovakia) and Carpathian Ruthenia into one state.
No longer able to tolerate the encirclement of two major Habsburg powers on its borders, Catholic France entered the Thirty Years ‘ War on the side of the Protestants to counter the Habsburgs and bring the war to an end.
The Hussites (Czech: Husité or Kališníci; “Chalice People”) were a Czech Proto- Protestant Christian movement that followed the teachings of reformer Jan Hus, who became the best known representative of the Bohemian Reformation. Hussites were one of the most important forerunners of the Protestant Reformation.