The Defenestration of Prague was the catalyst that activated the worst war in European history, the Thirty Years’ War. The rebels deposed Ferdinand II, set up a provisional assembly and raised an army of 16,000 troops for the nation’s defence.
PRAGUE , DEFENESTRATION OF. PRAGUE , DEFENESTRATION OF. The humorously complex word defenestration simply means throwing someone or something out a window (Latin fenestra, ‘window’), but in Prague this action came to symbolize a national reaction to foreign or illegitimate rule.
The act of defenestration is, in fact, designed to settle an argument by tossing an opponent out a window and the New York Times author might be forgiven his prejudice given the fact that there are three acknowledged Defenestrations of Prague ( 1419 , 1618 , and 1948).
Over the course of 1648, the various parties in the conflict signed a series of treaties called the Peace of Westphalia, effectively ending the Thirty Years ‘ War – although not without significant geopolitical effects for Europe.
Peace of Westphalia , European settlements of 1648, which brought to an end the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch and the German phase of the Thirty Years’ War. The peace was negotiated, from 1644, in the Westphalian towns of Münster and Osnabrück. The Spanish-Dutch treaty was signed on January 30, 1648.
defenestration dee-fen-uh-STRAY-shun noun. 1 : a throwing of a person or thing out of a window. 2 : a usually swift dismissal or expulsion (as from a political party or office)
The Thirty Years ‘ War arose out of a regional dispute between Bohemian Protestants and their Habsburg monarchs. Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor was an obstinate and stubborn monarch. His policies forced him into an increasingly weak position with his heterogenous subjects, his court and his family.
The Thirty Years War began as a religious civil war between the Protestants and Roman Catholics in Germany that engaged the Austrian Habsburgs and the German princes. The war soon developed into a devastating struggle for the balance of power in Europe.
Meaning of defenestrate in English to throw or push someone out of a window: They threatened to defenestrate him. UK humorous. to force someone, especially a leader, out of his or her job: It would not be a good time to defenestrate the Prime Minister.
Phase Four: The French Phase (1635-1648) He believed the Hapsburg rulers could become a rival to the French absolute kings he had worked so hard to strengthen. As a result, Richelieu funded and sent the military to Spain to make war on the weaker side of the Habsburg clan.
After World War I, Bohemia (as the largest and most populous land) became the core of the newly formed country of Czechoslovakia , which combined Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Upper Hungary (present-day Slovakia) and Carpathian Ruthenia into one state.
However, the Empire struck back, sweeping through Germany and handing the Protestants a defeat. Although Christian IV was able to keep Denmark, the Danish Phase of the 30 Years ‘ War ended in another victory for Catholicism and the Hapsburgs.
The Catholic forces were the winners in this stage of the fighting. Even with Denmark’s intervention in 1625, the fighting was still mainly over religious issues. Denmark was a Protestant state, and in four years of fighting, was unable to defeat the Catholic armies.
In 1648, the Swedes and the French defeated the imperial army at the Battle of Zusmarshausen, and the Spanish at Lens, and later won the Battle of Prague, which became the last action of the Thirty Years ‘ War .