The Defenestration of Prague was the catalyst that activated the worst war in European history, the Thirty Years’ War. The rebels deposed Ferdinand II, set up a provisional assembly and raised an army of 16,000 troops for the nation’s defence.
Defenestration of Prague in 1618, the throwing by Protestant citizens of Catholic officials from the windows of Hradčany Castle, an event which contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years War.
The act of defenestration is, in fact, designed to settle an argument by tossing an opponent out a window and the New York Times author might be forgiven his prejudice given the fact that there are three acknowledged Defenestrations of Prague ( 1419 , 1618 , and 1948).
The verb defenestrate describes throwing someone or something out of a window.
Peace of Westphalia , European settlements of 1648, which brought to an end the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch and the German phase of the Thirty Years’ War. The peace was negotiated, from 1644, in the Westphalian towns of Münster and Osnabrück. The Spanish-Dutch treaty was signed on January 30, 1648.
Thirty Years’ War
|Date||23 May 1618 – 15 May 1648 (29 years, 11 months, 3 weeks, and 1 day)|
|Location||Central Europe and Germany|
|Result||Peace of Westphalia|
|Territorial changes||France annexes Décapole and Upper Alsace Sweden obtains Wolin and Western Pomerania Brandenburg-Prussia obtains Eastern Pomerania|
Although the struggles that created it erupted some years earlier, the war is conventionally held to have begun in 1618, when the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II, in his role as king of Bohemia, attempted to impose Roman Catholic absolutism on his domains, and the Protestant nobles of both Bohemia and Austria
1 : a throwing of a person or thing out of a window assassination by defenestration . 2 : a usually swift dismissal or expulsion (as from a political party or office) the defenestration of political leaders the mass defenestration of middle management— Jane Bryant Quinn.
The Thirty Years ‘ War arose out of a regional dispute between Bohemian Protestants and their Habsburg monarchs. Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor was an obstinate and stubborn monarch. His policies forced him into an increasingly weak position with his heterogenous subjects, his court and his family.
The Four Phases of the Thirty Years War Phase One: The Bohemian Phase (1618-1625) Phase Two: The Danish Phase (1625-1629) Phase Three: The Swedish Phase (1630-1635) Phase Four : The French Phase (1635-1648)
After World War I, Bohemia (as the largest and most populous land) became the core of the newly formed country of Czechoslovakia , which combined Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Upper Hungary (present-day Slovakia) and Carpathian Ruthenia into one state.
The Hussites (Czech: Husité or Kališníci; “Chalice People”) were a Czech Proto- Protestant Christian movement that followed the teachings of reformer Jan Hus, who became the best known representative of the Bohemian Reformation. Hussites were one of the most important forerunners of the Protestant Reformation.
: composed of both good and evil.
Defenestration (from Old French fenestre, inherited from Latin fenestra) is the act of throwing someone or something out of a window. The term was coined around the time of an incident in Prague Castle in the year 1618 which became the spark that started the Thirty Years’ War.
“Adfenestration” denotes throwing someone at/to/toward a window, not into it (imagine the movement stopping at the window’s edge). Since defenestration implies throwing something from inside a window outside it, the antonym would ideally suggest movement from outside the window to the space inside.