Czechoslovakia , Czech and Slovak Československo, former country in central Europe encompassing the historical lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia. Czechoslovakia was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of Austria-Hungary in 1918, at the end of World War I.
Around the 4th century B.C. the present-day Czech Republic was populated by Celts . They were the first ethnic group to arrive in the area, according to historical evidence. The Celtic Boii tribe gave the country its Latin name – Boiohaemum (Bohemia).
Czechoslovakia itself had been formed at the end of World War I, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire . Prior to the war the region consisted of Bohemia and Moravia , often called the Czech Lands , in the west, and Slovakia , a part of Hungary , in the east.
1.2 million; Metro: 1.9 million). Government: Parliamentary Republic . Independence: The Czech Republic was established 1 January 1993 (former Czechoslovak state established 1918).
The name Bohemia was rejected because it explicitly excluded Moravia and Czech Silesia in the east of the country. “Czechia makes some sense historically but the common people will call it the Czech Republic,” she said. “You cannot change a language by law; it’s like a living organism.
Bohemia’s name comes from a Celtic people known as the Boii, though the Slavic Czechs were firmly established in the region by the 5th or 6th century. Bohemia was briefly subordinated to Greater Moravia in the late 9th century. In 1355 Charles of Luxembourg, the king of Bohemia , became Holy Roman emperor as Charles IV.
Ethnology. The Czech ethnic group is part of the West Slavic subgroup of the larger Slavic ethno-linguistical group. The West Slavic tribe of Czechs settled in the area of Bohemia during the migration period, and assimilated the remaining Celtic and Germanic populations.
Demographics of the Czech Republic
|Demographics of Czech Republic|
|Nationality||noun: Czech(s ) adjective: Czech|
|Major ethnic||Czech 64.3% (2011)|
|Minor ethnic||Moravian 5% Slovak 1.4% other 1.8% unspecified 27.5% (2011)|
It emerged from over 40 years of Communist rule in 1990, and was the first former Eastern Bloc state to acquire the status of a developed economy. It joined the European Union in 2004. Communist rule had lasted since 1948, when the restored pre-war democratic system was overthrown in a Soviet-backed coup.
Those who argue that events between 1989 and 1992 led to the dissolution point to international factors such as the breakaway of the Soviet satellite nations, the lack of unified media between the Czech and the Slovak Republics, and most importantly the actions of the political leaders of both nations like the
Czech and Bohemian are the same , it describes the same . Both Bohemia and Czechia were/are used to describe entire Czech Crown Lands( Bohemian Crown lands) which included Moravia and Silesia. Czech is more used now, and Bohemian seems old and not so used, but technically it is still correct term.
Christianity accounted for 31.5% of Czech citizens. Roman Catholics were the largest Christian denomination, making up 27.1% of Czech citizens, while Protestants made up 1.0%, and other types of Christians were 3.4%. Atheists accounted for 25.8% of the population.
Today, the Czech Republic is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary democracy, with the President as head of state and Prime Minister as head of government . The Parliament consists of the Chamber of Deputies (200 members) and the Senate (81 members).
Czech Republic is now considered to be a developed and a 1st World Country . It is a second world country . Second world isn’t categorised by wealth, but by history.
Tensions began to mount between Benes and Stalin over two issues. Stalin demanded that the province of Ruthenia be ceded to the USSR. Also, in the collapse of the quisling state body, the local “people’s committees” that replaced them became dominated by Communists .