Theresienstadt, Czech Terezín, town in northern Bohemia (now in the Czech Republic ), founded in 1780 and used from 1941 to 1945 by Nazi Germany as a walled ghetto, or concentration camp, and as a transit camp for western Jews en route to Auschwitz and other extermination camps.
Auschwitz , the largest and most lethal of the camps, used Zyklon-B. Majdanek and Auschwitz were also slave-labour centres, whereas Treblinka , Belzec , and Sobibor were devoted solely to killing.
Majdanek (or Lublin ) was a Nazi concentration and extermination camp built and operated by the SS on the outskirts of the city of Lublin during the German occupation of Poland in World War II.
Today, the site of Auschwitz -Birkenau endures as the leading symbol of the terror of the Holocaust.
After World War I, Bohemia (as the largest and most populous land) became the core of the newly formed country of Czechoslovakia , which combined Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Upper Hungary (present-day Slovakia) and Carpathian Ruthenia into one state.
Westerbork was a detention and transit camp during the Second World War. Well over 100,000 Dutch Jews and Roma were assembled here for transport to other concentration camps . Today there is a museum and a few monuments of remembrance to those transported and killed during World War II.
In February and May 1944 another 350 prisoners from the “special camp” were sent to Auschwitz . Thus, out of the total of 14,600 prisoners in the exchange camp, at least 3,550 died, more than 1,400 of them at Belsen , and around 2,150 at Auschwitz .
Overview of Auschwitz concentration camp, Poland. Auschwitz, Polish Oświęcim, also called Auschwitz-Birkenau , Nazi Germany’s largest concentration camp and extermination camp.
To help carry out the “Final Solution” (the genocide or mass destruction of Jews), the Nazis established killing centers in German-occupied Poland , the country with the largest Jewish population. Killing centers were designed for efficient mass murder.
Auschwitz was the largest and deadliest of six dedicated extermination camps where hundreds of thousands of people were tortured and murdered during World War II and the Holocaust under the orders of Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler.
Newly released files have revealed the harrowing stories of Nazi persecution victims in German concentration camps . Survivors recount stories of “rampant” cannibalism and torture at the hands of the Gestapo as they fought to get compensation for their suffering.
Taking pictures on the grounds of the State Museum Auschwitz -Birkenau in Oświęcim for own purposes, without use of a flash and stands, is allowed for exceptions of hall with the hair of Victims (block nr 4) and the basements of Block 11.
During the Dachau liberation reprisals, German prisoners of war were killed by U.S. soldiers and concentration camp internees at the Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945, during World War II. It is unclear how many SS members were killed in the incident but most estimates place the number killed at around 35–50.
This list represents only a very small portion of the 1.1 million victims and survivors of Auschwitz and is not intended to be viewed as a representative or exhaustive count by any means.
Those deported to the camp complex were gassed, starved, worked to death and even killed in medical experiments. The vast majority were murdered in the complex of gas chambers at Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. Six million Jewish people died in the Holocaust – the Nazi campaign to eradicate Europe’s Jewish population.