Those who argue that events between 1989 and 1992 led to the dissolution point to international factors such as the breakaway of the Soviet satellite nations , the lack of unified media between the Czech and the Slovak Republics, and most importantly the actions of the political leaders of both nations like the
|1918-1920||Revolutions and interventions in Hungary||Czechoslovakia Romania|
|1938||Sudeten German uprising||Czechoslovakia|
|1939||Axis invasion of Czechoslovakia||Czechoslovakia|
Hitler wanted that heavy industrial power for the German Reich, and so his expansionist plans had had Czechoslovakia as their first target of takeover since at least 1937, when he had first ordered his generals to draw up plans for a possible future military invasion .
On 16 March, Hitler went to Czech lands and from Prague Castle proclaimed the German protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Second Republic (October 1938 to March 1939)
|Origins of Czechoslovakia||1918|
|Bohemia and Moravia||1939–1945|
|Third Czechoslovak Republic||1945–1948|
Bohemia is a region of Czech Republic ; the nomadic, often vilified, group called the Gypsies or Romany are called “bohemiens” in French .
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From the Communist coup d’état in February 1948 to the Velvet Revolution in 1989, Czechoslovakia was ruled by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ).
The present-day Czech Republic was first populated by Celts in the 4th century B.C. The Celtic Boii tribe gave the country its Latin name = Boiohaemum (Bohemia). The Celtics were later replaced with the Germanic tribe (around 100 A.D.) and the Slavic peoples (6th century).
Prague , the capital and largest city of the German-occupied Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, was bombed several times by the Allies during World War II . During the Prague uprising of 5–9 May 1945, the Luftwaffe made use of bombers against the rebels. The bombing of Prague cost 1,200 lives.
Czechoslovakia , Czech and Slovak Československo, former country in central Europe encompassing the historical lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia. Czechoslovakia was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of Austria-Hungary in 1918 , at the end of World War I.
The Treaty of Versailles (June 28, 1919) concluding the war listed 27 “ Allied and Associated Powers”: Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, the British Empire, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia , Ecuador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, the Hejaz, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Liberia, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serb
On 15 March 1939, German troops marched into Czechoslovakia . They took over Bohemia, and established a protectorate over Slovakia. Hitler’s invasion of Czechoslovakia was the end of appeasement for several reasons: it proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich.
On August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops in an invasion of Czechoslovakia to crack down on reformist trends in Prague. Although the Soviet Union’s action successfully halted the pace of reform in Czechoslovakia , it had unintended consequences for the unity of the communist bloc.
Austria existed as a federal state of Germany until the end of World War II , when the Allied powers declared the Anschluss void and reestablished an independent Austria .