The Legislature is exercised by the Parliament. Czech Parliament is bicameral, the upper house of the Parliament is the Senate, the lower house of the Parliament is the Chamber of Deputies. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Czech Republic a “flawed democracy” in 2019.
In 1938, Czechoslovakia held 10th place in the world for industrial production. The Czechoslovak state was conceived as a representative democracy.
It emerged from over 40 years of Communist rule in 1990, and was the first former Eastern Bloc state to acquire the status of a developed economy. It joined the European Union in 2004. Communist rule had lasted since 1948, when the restored pre-war democratic system was overthrown in a Soviet-backed coup.
Today, the Czech Republic is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary democracy, with the President as head of state and Prime Minister as head of government . The Parliament consists of the Chamber of Deputies (200 members) and the Senate (81 members).
Following the coup d’état of February 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a socialist republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective.
Because many powers can only be exercised with the signatures of both the President and the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, responsibility over some political issues is effectively shared between the two offices. The current president, Miloš Zeman, assumed the office on 8 March 2013.
Major crops include winter wheat, winter barley, spring barley, potatoes, rapeseed, sugar beet, maize, hops and fruit. Economic reform in the Czech Republic continues, and the country is a member of OECD.
In practice, it was a one-party dictatorship run by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia , the KSC. In the 1970s and 1980s the government structure was based on the amended 1960 Constitution of Czechoslovakia , which defined the country as the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.
Czechoslovakia , Czech and Slovak Československo, former country in central Europe encompassing the historical lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia. Czechoslovakia was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of Austria-Hungary in 1918, at the end of World War I.
In 1989, the Velvet Revolution peacefully ended the Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia, sometimes known as the Velvet Divorce.
The Czech Republic is a parliamentary representative democracy, with the President acting as head of state and the prime minister acting as head of government. The first president of the Czech Republic was Václav Havel. The current president is Miloš Zeman, in office since 8 March 2013.
Economy of the Czech Republic
|GDP||$242 billion (nominal, 2020 est.) $431 billion (PPP, 2020 est.)|
|GDP rank||45th (nominal, 2019) 46th (PPP, 2020)|
|GDP growth||3.2% (2018) 2.3% (2019) −6.5% (2020e) 5.1% (2021e)|
|GDP per capita||$22,627 (nominal, 2020 est.) $40,293 (PPP, 2020 est.)|
Tensions began to mount between Benes and Stalin over two issues. Stalin demanded that the province of Ruthenia be ceded to the USSR. Also, in the collapse of the quisling state body, the local “people’s committees” that replaced them became dominated by Communists .
Since transitioning into a democracy in 1989, joining NATO in 1999, and the European Union in 2004, the Czech Republic has gradually become a close economic partner and formal military ally of the United States , drastically improving bilateral ties in the years since through increasingly extensive cooperation in areas