Theresienstadt, Czech Terezín, town in northern Bohemia (now in the Czech Republic), founded in 1780 and used from 1941 to 1945 by Nazi Germany as a walled ghetto, or concentration camp , and as a transit camp for western Jews en route to Auschwitz and other extermination camps .
TEREZIN was a concentration camp 30 miles north of Prague in the Czech Republic during the World War II. It was originally a holiday resort reserved for Czech nobility.
The major camps were in German-occupied Poland and included Auschwitz, Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor, and Treblinka. At its peak, the Auschwitz complex, the most notorious of the sites, housed 100,000 persons at its death camp ( Auschwitz II , or Birkenau ).
The grounds and buildings of the Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau camps are open to visitors. The duration of a visit is determined solely by the individual interests and needs of the visitors. As a minimum, however, at least three-and-a-half hours should be reserved.
Concentration camp , internment centre for political prisoners and members of national or minority groups who are confined for reasons of state security, exploitation, or punishment, usually by executive decree or military order.
After World War I, Bohemia (as the largest and most populous land) became the core of the newly formed country of Czechoslovakia , which combined Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Upper Hungary (present-day Slovakia) and Carpathian Ruthenia into one state.
Located near the industrial town of Oświęcim in southern Poland (in a portion of the country that was annexed by Germany at the beginning of World War II), Auschwitz was actually three camps in one: a prison camp, an extermination camp, and a slave-labour camp.
We recall the first use of the term, not during WWII and their use by the Nazis but during the Boer War , in South Africa. The Irish-born inventor of the concentration camp, Horatio Herbert Kitchener .
Contents 1 Argentina. 2 Australia. 3 Austria-Hungary. 4 Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 Cambodia. 6 Canada. 6.1 List of World War I prisoner-of-war camps in Canada. 6.1.1 Ukrainian Canadian internment. 6.1.2 Camps and relocation centres elsewhere in Canada. 7 Channel Islands. 8 Chile.
Arbeitsdorf. Auschwitz. subcamps. Bergen-Belsen. subcamps. Buchenwald . subcamps. Dachau . subcamps. Flossenbürg. subcamps. Gross-Rosen. subcamps. Herzogenbusch. subcamps.
It was the largest extermination camp run by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II. The Soviet army liberated Auschwitz 75 years ago, on Jan. 27, 1945. Now 96, Dabrowska is among a handful of Auschwitz survivors still alive.
Entry to the premises of the Auschwitz Memorial is free . A fee is only charged for visits with a Museum educator, i.e., a person authorised and prepared to conduct guided tours on the premises.
Auschwitz today is many things at once: an emblem of evil, a site of historical remembrance and a vast cemetery. It is a place where Jews make pilgrimages to pay tribute to ancestors whose ashes and bones remain part of the earth.